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Standards

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United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child - UNCRC

The 54 articles in the UNCRC have been ratified as International Law by 191 of the world's 193 countries. They relate to the rights of children to:

  • Survival;
  • Development;
  • Protection; and
  • Participation.

Some of the key contents include:

Article 1: for the purpose of the convention a child is a human being under the age of 18 years

Article 6: children have an inherent right to life

Articles 12 & 13: children have a right to the expression of views and the freedom to do this

Article 19: children have a right to protection from violence and all forms of abuse, including neglect

Article 23: a physically or mentally disabled child has the right to enjoy a full and decent life

Article 27: children have a right to a standard of living adequate for physical, mental, spiritual, moral and social development

Article 24: children have a right to enjoy the highest attainable level of health

Article 27: children have the right to an education

Article 31: children have the right to play

Articles 32-38: children have the right to protection from exploitation, including sexual exploitation

Article 42: it is the duty of the state to ensure that children's rights relating to health are made known.

The 12 suggested 'Child Friendly Standards' for Health Workers are derived from the following UNCRC articles:

  1. 'Keeping children out of hospital': Articles 9, 24,25, 3
  2. 'Best possible' management and treatment: Articles 2, 6, 23, 24, 37
  3. Security and Safety in a Health Facility: Article 3
  4. Care delivery: Articles 5, 9, 14, 37
  5. Communication: Articles 9, 12, 13, 17
  6. Equity of Care & Rights as an Individual: Articles 2, 7, 8, 9, 16, 23, 27, 29, 37
  7. Pain Management & Palliative Care: Article 19
  8. Critical care, Emergency care and Resuscitation: Article 6, 24
  9. Play and Learning in a health facility: Articles 6, 28, 29, 31
  10. Child Protection: Articles 3, 11, 19, 21, 20, 25, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 39
  11. Health Promotion - Health education and monitoring: Articles 6, 17, 23, 24, 33
  12. Nutrition: Article 3, 24, 26, 27

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